Giving to Charity
Gift Aid is the main vehicles for tax efficient giving to charities. It applies to any donation whether large or small, regular or one-off.
Simply by confirming that they are taxpayers, donors can ensure that their chosen charities can reclaim the basic rate of income tax on all their donations, equal to 25% of the amount donated.
This confirmation has only to be completed once for each charity (it can even be done by telephone or internet) and remains valid for as long as the donor remains a taxpayer.
As an added boost for donors, higher rate taxpayers can claim for themselves the difference between basic and higher (currently 20%) or additional (currently 25%) rates of tax against their own income tax liabilities, reducing further the net cost of the donation. This relief may be carried back to reduce the tax payable for the previous tax year.
|You give to charity||
|Charity reclaims tax||
|Total value of your gift||
Tax reduction for higher rate taxpayer £250 and for additional rate taxpayer is £312.50.
So a gift worth £1,250 to the charity could cost you as little as £687.50.
CAF Charity Card Account
This is a very flexible scheme organised by CAF (Charities Aid Foundation). You can open an account with as little as £10 a month by direct debit or with a single payment of £100.
The 'account' is in effect a 'charity cheque book and debit card' and can be used to make donations easily - spontaneously or regularly - by phone, by post or online - to your favourite charities.
Tax is recovered at the basic rate and added to your account. As with Gift Aid, higher and additional rate taxpayers can reclaim the difference between the basic and higher or additional rates of tax.
Because CAF deduct 4% for running most accounts, a £100 donation to CAF equals £123.08 to donate to chosen charities.
This scheme allows you to make gross donations to charity (deducted from your salary before tax is calculated). There is no statutory minimum or maximum limit, although individual schemes may impose a lower monthly donation limit.
|You give from your gross pay||
|Actual cost to basic rate taxpayer||
|Actual cost to higher rate taxpayer||
|Actual cost to additional rate taxpayer||£27.50|
Gifts in kind
Gifts of certain shares and securities, lands and buildings to a charity attract income tax relief as well as capital gains tax (CGT) relief.
|You give shares valued at||
|Income tax saving||basic rate taxpayer||
|higher rate taxpayer||
|additional rate taxpayer||
|Potential CGT saving||basic rate taxpayer||
|higher or additional rate taxpayer||
There is a similar corporation tax relief for gifts by companies.